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The Dangers of Teaching a Subject One Knows Little About





In counselling education, the role of a tutor is paramount. Tutors shape the minds of future counselling generations, imparting not only knowledge but also the skills to think critically and solve problems and the qualities needed to be with clients. However, teaching a subject one knows little about can be fraught with dangers, compromising the quality of education and the integrity of the learning experience. Here, I explore the key risks associated with this practice and why it is crucial for educators to be well-versed in their subject matter.


Misinformation and Inaccurate Knowledge.


When a tutor lacks a deep understanding of a subject, there is a high risk of disseminating incorrect or incomplete information. Misinformation can lead to students developing misunderstandings and misconceptions that are difficult to correct later on. This foundational flaw can hinder their future learning and erode their confidence in the subject.


Example: A teacher unfamiliar with the complexities of counselling concepts may inadvertently teach incorrect principles, and/conceptualisations which could confuse students and impede their grasp of essential topics. Counselling tutors may inadvertently ‘bleed out’ into the tutor environment .


Loss of Student Engagement


Effective teaching requires not just knowledge, but the ability to convey that knowledge in an engaging and inspiring manner. A tutor who is not confident or passionate about the subject may struggle to engage students, leading to a disinterested and unmotivated classroom. Enthusiasm and expertise are contagious; students are more likely to be excited about learning when their teacher exhibits both.


Example: In a counselling process group (a key part of the counselling journey) a tutor with limited knowledge of self and the Personal and Professional Development (PPD) group may fail to bring counselling concepts such as ‘incongruence’ to life, resulting in a monotonous and uninspiring process group that fails to captivate students’ imaginations or self consideration.


Inability to Answer Questions and Foster Critical Thinking


Students naturally have questions that require thoughtful and informed answers. A tutor who lacks depth in the subject matter may be unable to provide satisfactory responses, hindering students' curiosity and critical thinking skills. Moreover, they might be unable to guide students through more complex or advanced material, limiting the depth of learning.


Example: In a Counselling class, a tutor unfamiliar with philosophical discussions might struggle to assist students who encounter difficulties in understanding the links between counselling and philosophy, thus stifling their ontological and epistemological insights.



Reduced Credibility and Respect


Students are perceptive and can quickly recognise when a teacher is out of their depth. This recognition can lead to a loss of credibility and respect, which are crucial for maintaining classroom order and authority. Once respect is lost, it can be challenging to regain, affecting the overall classroom environment and the teacher’s effectiveness. This often leads to tutors blaming the students for unruly behaviour.


Example: If a tutor repeatedly provides incorrect information or struggles to explain basic concepts, students may lose trust in their abilities, leading to a breakdown in classroom dynamics.


Inadequate Preparation for Future Learning


Education builds upon itself; foundational knowledge is crucial for understanding more advanced concepts. When students receive poor instruction in fundamental areas, they are ill-prepared for future learning and for future practice. This gap can create significant academic challenges and may require extensive remedial education to correct. This may cause talented students to drop out of further academic progress.


Erosion of Professional Standards


Teaching a subject without adequate knowledge undermines the professional standards of education and the counselling profession. It reflects poorly on the educational institution, teaching profession, and counselling profession as a whole. Upholding high standards is essential for ensuring that all students receive a quality education that equips them for success.


Example: An educational institution that allows underqualified teachers to instruct students risks damaging its reputation and the quality of education it provides.



Teaching a subject one knows little about poses significant risks to students, the educational process, and the integrity of the teaching and counselling profession. To provide the best possible education, it is imperative that teachers are thoroughly knowledgeable and passionate about the subjects they teach. Institutions must prioritise continuous professional development and ensure that educators are well-prepared to deliver high-quality instruction as per their professional bodies. By doing so, we can foster a more effective, engaging, and credible learning environment that benefits both students and teachers alike.




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